Goat Project in Dhuskun – Project Report

REPORT OF AGRICULTURE/LIVESTOCK PROGRAM

Year 1

DHUSKUN-1, SINDHUPALCHOWK

NEPAL

Vaccination

Vaccination

January 20, 2016

Prepared By: Dipendra Prasad Joshi

Namlo International

ABBREVIATIONS

DADO –                     District Agriculture Development Office

DDC –                        District Development Committee

DEO –                         District Education Office

DFO –                         District Forest Office

DLSO –                      District Livestock Service Office

DWCDO –                  District Women and Child Development Office

VDC –                        Village Development Committee

  1. Background & Use of Funds

Namlo International has been working in Nepal, in collaboration with Namlo Nepal, since 1999. Namlo pursues sustainability in its partner communities, and therefore places economic development and income-generating programs at the core of its approach. In 2014, Namlo Nepal staff explored possible income-generating programs with members of the Dhuskun community, situated in Ward number 1 of Dhuskun VDC in Sindhupalchowk district. The women’s group in Dhuskun has been involved in income-generation programs such as vegetable production, coffee production, and the production of spices like ginger. Namlo invested a large amount of donor funding in the construction of a community building for the Dhuskun Women’s group, that it may serve as a business incubator for women entrepreneurs. Recently, the women’s group expressed their interest in raising goats for additional income. Based on this conveyed interest, Namlo International raised funds and initiated the project in January 2015.

Vaccination to goat (4)Namlo also intended this project to be part of a larger program that would include vegetable production and the distillation of ginger being grown in Dhuskun (for the growing essential oil markets in Europe and the United States), Funding secured for the project was insufficient to include the ginger distillation component, but Namlo has been working with local tomato producers on an ongoing basis.  We plan to expand all of these programs as a way to increase the local incomes and economic vitality of the community.

The Market Opportunity for Goat Rearing in Nepal

Goat production plays a significant role and opportunity in the economic and cultural life in Nepal, and goat accounts for 20 percent of the nation’s demand for meat.  In Nepal, goat meat is unique in that there are no cultural, ethnic or caste taboos against goat meat, unlike other meats.  Goat meat experiences its highest demand during the Dashain and other national festivals in Nepal.  Despite this, Nepal’s producers have been slow to respond to an ever-rising demand for goat meat, and Indian suppliers, who export over 400,000 goats each year to Nepal, supply 80 percent of Nepal’s demand.Observing kid of goat

In this excerpt, the UN Food and Agriculture Association details how goat production represents an economically viable enterprise for small farmers:

    “The economic value of sheep and goats is an important factor in their popularity with smallholder farmers. The financial investment required for their husbandry is small, and capital investment for the purchase of animals, equipment and buildings is low. Most of the equipment and buildings can be constructed from locally available raw materials, so that even a poor farmer can invest. The animals begin to produce at about 1-1½ years of age, and goats being prolific, produce many offspring per year. Due to the high turnover, they give a good return per unit of capital invested, and so provide an economically profitable enterprise.

    In addition, small ruminants provide farmers with a ready source of cash. In the hills, crop production is often insufficient to meet family requirements and cannot be sold, but small ruminants are in high demand, and can be readily disposed of for cash. Family meat consumption can be curtailed for more urgent necessities which may arise, so that sheep and goats are therefore regarded as a symbol of wealth.”

(The Role of Small Ruminant, by S.C. Ghimire, UNFAO)

Member, holding goatSome of the challenges related to increasing goat production have been the lack of veterinary services, including improved practices (de-worming, castrating, ear-tagging, feeding etc.) and overall care for the animals. Namlo’s project in Dhuskun has been introducing improved livestock production techniques and training a veterinary para-professional to provide ongoing veterinary services to the members of the women’s cooperative.  Dhuskun is ideally located as a center for goat production since it is geographically positioned to access local markets in Bharabise (30 minutes drive) and is a 2-3 hour drive from Kathmandu on the Arniko highway.

The price of live goats is usually around Nrs 425- 435 per kg (2014), but in 2015 it rose to Nrs 450 per kg.  During the national holidays, the price per kg can climb up to Nrs 600 kg.  The price for goat meat is Nrs 700 per kg (100 Nepali Rupee = around US $1).  The average weight of goats when sold will be 30 kg, after 8 months of growth.

Funding received for this project (see attached financial report) enabled us to do the following:

  • Organize and provide training to the 35 members of the Dhuskun women’s cooperative
  • Purchase goats, male breeding goats, veterinary medicines, and transport a total of 55 goats and 3 male breeds to Dhuskun
  • Purchase microscopes, lab equipment, project equipment (computer & inverter) diptank and supplies to establish a veterinary office in Dhuskun
  • Send one woman for extensive veterinary training. The target was up to four trainees, but since the government closed its training center, the cost of training in a distant part of Nepal allowed us to fund only one woman.
  • Funding also covered the direct labor costs incurred by Namlo as well as covering the cost of outside trainers
  1. Goals and Objectives of the Project

General goals:

The general goal of this program is to improve the economic status of members of the women’s community group in Dhuskun by establishing improved goat rearing approaches, techniques, and veterinary systems, which will enable the women’s group to take advantage of the growing local and regional market demand for goats.

Specific objectives:                             

The specific objectives of the program are to

  • Help 35 community members begin goat keeping under the improved system.
  • Increase the number of goats in the community by 40%.
  • After two years, we expect to see the annual income of targeted farm households increase by Nrs 20,000 – 40,000 ($200 – $400 per year, per participating family). Currently, families in Dhuskun earn around Nrs 8,000 – 10,000 a year, making this a potentially major increase in their incomes.
  • Establish veterinary services on a sustainable basis in Dhuskun, providing a community resource to support improved goat production techniques and quality control.

Implementation process of the project:

  1. Hire technical staff.
  2. Coordinate with district line agencies in district level and VDC level.
  3. Conduct Mini-survey of community on goat keeping system.
  4. Prepare benchmark data from survey.
  5. Hold an orientation for the women’s group and their head of households.
  6. Conduct training for the women’s group.
  7. Construct an improved goat pen.
  8. Distribute the goats.
  9. Distribute the male breeders.
  10. Arrange to insure the goats and male breeders.
  11. Support 1 or 2 members for 45 days of training.
  12. Support the establishment of a veterinary service center in the community building.
  13. Support the construction of a dipping tank.

Schedule:

SN Activities Months
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 Orientation Classes to Family  x
2 Coordination Meeting concerned stake holders VDC, Live Stock Service Center, DDC, DAO etc. x x x x
3 Training for community members x
4 Improvement of goat-pen x
5 Seed distribution of  grass x
6 Grass plantation x
7 Goat purchase & distribution  x
8 Castrator machine &Tagging machine distribution x
9 Tagging x
10 He goat for breeding distribution x
11 De-worming x x  x
12 Construction of dipping tank x x
13 Insurance  x x
14 Vaccine x
15 Health check-up & medicine /minerals distribution x  x
16 45 days RVW Training to 4 persons x x
17 Business Skills Training  x  x
18 Establishment and running of Veterinary Service Center at Village  and provide veterinary service to community members  x  x  x  x x
19 Reporting  x x x  x  x  x  x  x  x  x x  x  x

 Targets and achievements of the project

SN Activities Target of the year Achievement Beneficiaries
Male Female Total
1 Orientation to family members 2 times 2 times 55 55 110
2 Coordination meeting with district line agencies 3 times 2 times 16 29 45
3 Training for  farmers 3 times 3 times 55 55
4 Construction of improved goat pen 35 Nos. 55 Nos. 55 55
5 Seed support (Grass) 1 time 2 times 55 55
6 Construction of dipping tank 1 Nos. 1 Nos.
7 Castrator, Tagging machine and other materials 1 Nos. 2 Nos.
8 Goat support 35 Nos. 55 Nos. 55 55
9 Male Breeder support 4 Nos. 3 Nos. 3 3
10 Vaccines, minerals, Insurance 1 time 1 time
12 Veterinary clinic setup 1 Nos. 1 Nos.
16 45 days training 4 people 1 person 1 1

Output and Outcomes of the project

Namlo surpassed its target number of participants and goats.  Namlo was able to organize its first coordination meeting at the district level and build good relationships with district level line agencies. Most of the line agencies like DDC, DLSO, DADO, DWCDO, DEO, and DFO have responded positively by supporting the women’s group from their offices. Similarly, the women’s group (now 55 members) started goat keeping through the program; they were trained in the improved goat keeping system and owned goats from Namlo. With the objective of establishing veterinary services on a sustainable basis, the women’s group established a veterinary service center in community building, and one woman was trained to run the Veterinary Service Center. She is managing the Veterinary Service Center, and 8-12 people a month are accessing her services. Because of this job, she is earning Nrs 500 – 1200 per month from her community members. As the number of members increases in the coming year, her income will increase as well, enabling the center to run on a sustainable basis. Members of the women’s group are also making use of the lab to run tests for internal worms and a dipping tank to control the goat’s external parasites.                                                   

  1. Future plans/Sustainability

Goat kid with older womanNamlo’s plan is to have the project producing profits by the end of year two, and sustainable at the end of year five.  In the end of December 2015, we had 55 members involved in the goat-keeping project. Namlo has provided 55 members with one female goat each and three male breeders for the group. In 2016, the community has planned to distribute 55 kids to new members in the existing ward, bringing the project’s membership to 110 participants. Namlo intends to expand this program to another ward with 55 goats in 2016.  While community members will provide kids to new members, Namlo will organize new member trainings about the improved goat keeping system. The Veterinary Service Center will become firmly established, and the farmers of Dhuskun VDC and other neighboring VDC will come to the veterinarian to take services. Namlo will support the marketing of the clinic.

At this point, there are no signs of a drop in the price of goats in Nepal, and import substitution from India in and of itself is indicative to the significant market demand for goats.  Namlo will continuously monitor goat prices.  By also increasing program activities in coffee, ginger (especially) and tomato production, Namlo intends on providing enough diversity in agricultural activities in Dhuskun to weather the price fluctuations that can occur.

 Conclusion

 Overall, this project has been implemented very well, and enthusiastically embraced by the community. In 2015, the earthquake in April and continuing border blockades affected the program, resulting in delays in implementation by about three months. We lost the first lot of improved goat pens due to earthquake and had to rebuild them completely.   All the farmers were deeply hurt due to the earthquake and the loss of their homes. Despite these challenges, the women of the community still showed energy and interest in goat keeping, demonstrated by the fact that an additional 20 women joined the program before the end of the year. The farmers who are keeping male breeders have started to raise money from their male breeders. All the farmers are utilizing the community’s new resources, using the dipping tank to control external parasites of their goats and medicines to control internal parasites. Additionally, all the farmers are motivated to follow through on health check-ups for their goats. Based on these practices, goat production will increase, remain of a high quality, and community peoples will reap increasing benefits in the future.

Budget

Total Approved Budget:

SN Activities $ USD Rate NRs.
1 Orientation to family members          104.17   96.00        10,000.00
2 Coordination meeting with district line agencies          729.17   96.00        70,000.00
3 Training for  farmers          625.00   96.00        60,000.00
4 Construction of improved goat pen       1,822.92   96.00      175,000.00
5 Seed support (Grass)          104.17   96.00        10,000.00
6 Construction of dipping tank       1,825.25   96.00      175,224.00
7 Castrator, Tagging machine and other materials          932.58   96.00        89,528.00
8 Goat and breeders support       3,211.00   96.00      308,256.00
9 Vaccines, minerals, Insurance       2,071.17   96.00      198,832.00
10 Transportation          719.67   96.00        69,088.00
11 Veterinary clinic setup       1,054.42   96.00      101,224.32
12 Technical charges       2,563.00   96.00      246,048.00
13 Other expenses (Miscellaneous)       1,666.67   96.00      160,000.00
14 Namlo Direct labor cost       4,050.00   96.00      388,800.00
15 45 days training          520.83   96.00        50,000.00
  Total B:     22,000.00   96.00   2,112,000.32